technical details


How to cite OSSOS

If you use OSSOS data products (e.g. images or TNOs) or software in your paper, please cite the two survey papers:
  • Bannister et al. The Outer Solar System Origins Survey: I. Design and first-quarter discoveries. AJ, 152, 70, 2016. BibTeX
  • Bannister et al. OSSOS. VII. 800+ trans-Neptunian objects — the complete data release. ApJS, 236(1):18, 2018. BibTeX
If you use the OSSOS survey simulator, please additionally cite:
  • Lawler et al. OSSOS: X. How to use a Survey Simulator: statistically robust testing of dynamical models against the real Kuiper belt. Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, 5 (14 pp), 2018. DOI


Some journals do not permit OSSOS paper numbering in the titles; below we indicate our own numbering with a bold face entry at the end of the reference.
  • The Outer Solar System Origins Survey. I. Design and First-quarter Discoveries Bannister, Michele T., Kavelaars, J. J., Petit, Jean-Marc, and 36 colleagues AJ, 152, 70 (2016)
  • OSSOS. II. A Sharp Transition in the Absolute Magnitude Distribution of the Kuiper Belt’s Scattering Population Shankman, C., Kavelaars, JJ., Gladman, B. J., and 8 colleagues AJ, 151, 31 (2016)
  • OSSOS III—Resonant Trans-Neptunian Populations: Constraints from the first quarter of the Outer Solar System Origins Survey Volk, Kathryn, Murray-Clay, Ruth, Gladman, Brett, and 10 colleagues AJ, 152, 23 (2016)
  • OSSOS. IV. Discovery of a Dwarf Planet Candidate in the 9:2 Resonance with Neptune Bannister, Michele T., Alexandersen, Mike, Benecchi, Susan D., and 32 colleagues AJ, 152, 212 (2016)
  • OSSOS. V. Diffusion in the Orbit of a High-perihelion Distant Solar System Object Bannister, Michele T., Shankman, Cory, Volk, Kathryn, and 12 colleagues AJ, 153, 262 (2017)
  • OSSOS. VI. Striking Biases in the Detection of Large Semimajor Axis Trans-Neptunian Objects Shankman, Cory, Kavelaars, J. J., Bannister, Michele T., and 9 colleagues AJ, 154, 50 (2017)
  • OSSOS. VII. 800+ Trans-Neptunian Objects—The Complete Data Release Bannister, Michele T., Gladman, Brett J., Kavelaars, J. J., and 33 colleagues ApJS, 236, 18 (2018)
  • OSSOS. VIII. The Transition between Two Size Distribution Slopes in the Scattering Disk Lawler, S. M., Shankman, C., Kavelaars, J. J., and 9 colleagues AJ, 155, 197 (2018)
  • OSSOS. IX. Two Objects in Neptune's 9:1 Resonance—Implications for Resonance Sticking in the Scattering Population Volk, Kathryn, Murray-Clay, Ruth A., Gladman, Brett J., and 12 colleagues AJ, 155, 260 (2018)
  • OSSOS: X. How to use a Survey Simulator: Statistical Testing of Dynamical Models Against the Real Kuiper Belt Lawler, Samantha M., Kavelaars, J. J., Alexandersen, Mike, and 4 colleagues FrASS, 5, 14 (2018)
  • OSSOS. XI. No active centaurs in the Outer Solar System Origins Survey Cabral, Nahuel, Guilbert-Lepoutre, Aurélie, Fraser, Wesley C., and 10 colleagues A&A, 621, A102 (2019)
  • OSSOS. XII. Variability Studies of 65 Trans-Neptunian Objects Using the Hyper Suprime-Cam Alexandersen, Mike, Benecchi, Susan D., Chen, Ying-Tung, and 11 colleagues ApJS, 244, 19 (2019)
  • OSSOS. XIII. Fossilized Resonant Dropouts Tentatively Confirm Neptune’s Migration Was Grainy and Slow Lawler, S. M., Pike, R. E., Kaib, N., and 8 colleagues AJ, 157, 253 (2019)
  • OSSOS. XIV. The Plane of the Kuiper Belt Van Laerhoven, Christa, Gladman, Brett, Volk, Kathryn, and 6 colleagues AJ, 158, 49 (2019)
  • OSSOS. XV. Probing the Distant Solar System with Observed Scattering TNOs Kaib, Nathan A., Pike, Rosemary, Lawler, Samantha, and 6 colleagues AJ, 158, 43 (2019)
  • A dearth of small members in the Haumea family revealed by OSSOS Pike, Rosemary E., Proudfoot, Benjamin C. N., Ragozzine, Darin, and 8 colleagues NatAs, 4, 89 (2020) OSSOS XVI
  • OSSOS. XVII. An upper limit on the number of distant planetary objects in the Solar System Ashton, Edward, Gladman, Brett, Kavelaars, J. J., and 8 colleagues Icar, 356, 113793 (2021)
  • OSSOS. XVIII. Constraining Migration Models with the 2:1 Resonance Using the Outer Solar System Origins Survey Chen, Ying-Tung, Gladman, Brett, Volk, Kathryn, and 13 colleagues AJ, 158, 214 (2019)
  • OSSOS. XIX. Testing Early Solar System Dynamical Models Using OSSOS Centaur Detections Nesvorný, David, Vokrouhlický, David, Stern, Alan S., and 9 colleagues AJ, 158, 132 (2019)
  • OSSOS XX: The Meaning of Kuiper Belt Colors Nesvorný, David, Vokrouhlický, David, Alexandersen, Mike, and 9 colleagues AJ, 160, 46 (2020)
  • OSSOS. XXI. Collision Probabilities in the Edgeworth-Kuiper Belt Abedin, Abedin Y., Kavelaars, J. J., Greenstreet, Sarah, and 8 colleagues AJ, 161, 195 (2021)
  • OSSOS: The eccentricity and inclination distributions of the stable Neptunian Trojans Lin, Hsing Wen, Chen, Ying-Tung, Volk, Kathryn, and 10 colleagues Icar, 361, 114391 (2021) OSSOS XXII
  • OSSOS. XXIII. 2013 VZ70 and the Temporary Coorbitals of the Giant Planets Alexandersen, Mike, Greenstreet, Sarah, Gladman, Brett J., and 8 colleagues PSJ, 2, 212 (2021)
  • OSSOS Finds an Exponential Cutoff in the Size Distribution of the Cold Classical Kuiper Belt Kavelaars, J. J., Petit, Jean-Marc, Gladman, Brett, and 5 colleagues ApJL, 920, L28 (2021) OSSOS XXIV
  • OSSOS XXV: Large Populations and Scattering-Sticking in the Distant Trans-Neptunian Resonances Crompvoets, B. L., Lawler, S. M., Volk, K., and 8 colleagues PSJ, 3, 113 (2022)
  • OSSOS. XXVI. On the Lack of Catastrophic Collisions in the Present Kuiper Belt Abedin, Abedin Y., Kavelaars, J. J., Petit, Jean-Marc, and 6 colleagues AJ, 164, 261 (2022)
  • OSSOS. XXVII. Population Estimates for Theoretically Stable Centaurs between Uranus and Neptune Dorsey, Rosemary C., Bannister, Michele T., Lawler, Samantha M., and 1 colleagues PSJ, 4, 110 (2023)
  • The Hot Main Kuiper Belt Size Distribution from OSSOS Petit, Jean-Marc, Gladman, Brett, Kavelaars, J. J., and 4 colleagues ApJL, 947, L4 (2023) OSSOS XXVIII
  • OSSOS. XXIX. The Population and Perihelion Distribution of the Detached Kuiper Belt Beaudoin, Matthew, Gladman, Brett, Huang, Yukun, and 4 colleagues PSJ, in press
The Col-OSSOS collaboration, which aimed to determine the surface properties of Trans-Neptunian Objects (TNOs) by studying a magnitude limited sample of ~100 objects, published many valuable contributions that are listed here.

Conference presentations and proceedings